Trisul. Mountain Range in Uttarakhand, India


Mountain Range in Uttarakhand, India

Mount Trishul - Uttarakhand Photo © Sandeep Prakash

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	Peak, 7000+ meters high - Trisul
Trishul Peak, 7000+ meters high - Trisul. Photo by Neelima v
India is a land of many mountains. The northern part of the country is dotted with a number of high mountain peaks of the famous Himalayan range. The Himalaya also acts as a natural border with China and even plays a pivotal role in the weather formation of the country. The long stretch of the Himalayan range flows from India and ends in the neighboring country of Nepal. This is why the mountaineers often juggle between Nepal and India to scale various important mountain peaks of the Himalayan range.

Amongst all the major peaks of the Himalayan range, Trishul is one of the most famous and challenging climbs for a mountaineer. Looked from a distance, the beauty of Trishul along with the other mountain peaks in this range, is simply breathtaking and its pristine beauty draws tourists from all over the world.

Geology and History

Trishul is comprised of a group of three Himalayan mountain peaks: Trishul I, Trishul II and Trishul III. Out of all the peaks, Trishul I is the highest with an altitude of 7,120 meters while Trishul II has an elevation of 6,690 meters and Trishul III of 6,007 meters, respectively. The Trishul group forms the southeast corner ring of peaks and within its enclosure lies the famous Nanda Devi Wildlife Sanctuary.

Trishul peak at sunrise -
Trishul peak at sunrise - Trisul. Photo by Anirban Nandi
The Trishul Mountains are situated in the west of the Kumaon (Wikipedia Article) district in the Indian state of Uttarakhand. The Trishul massif runs north to south, for which it is not fully viewable from the south of Uttarakhand. The mountain is somewhat fully visible from the south-eastern region of the state.

Trishul I was first attempted in 1907 while the first exploration of the peak were conducted by T.G. Longstaff (Wikipedia
	Article) in 1905. Having proposed to scale the western and southern sides of Trishul I, Longstaff made an attempt in 1907 to climb this mountain with his fellow members, passing through the Rishiganga valley to the Trishul glacier, which lies on the eastern side of the range. From there, he and his team made an ascent to the northeast section of the mountain, and finally reached its summit. The journey of Longstaff also marks the first use of bottled oxygen ever on a mountain climbing expedition.

Later in 1960, a Yugoslavian team first made a successful ascent to Trishul II and Trishul III. The team took the route of Bidalgwar glacier and reached Trishul II summit via its south ridge. The ascent to Trishul III also followed the similar route, but the summit was reached through the north ridge of the mountain.

In the year 1976, Trishul was the first mountain where mountaineers descended from the summit by skiing. From then on, Trishul is one of the most frequently climbed mountains of the Himalayan range.

Another famous peak Nanda Devi (7,816 meter) stands in the northeast of Trishul and both of them are connected by another mountain range that stands in the middle.

trishul peak -
trishul peak - Trisul. Photo by draskd


The word ‘Trishul’ refers to the spear used by Lord Shiva to protect himself and his devotees from evil. Trishul is, thus, is the abode of Lord Shiva. Earlier, the porters were reluctant to scale this holy mountain. However, with the course of time they have accepted the fact of climbing this mountain, which also further increased the chances of reaching the peak by the mountaineers in the recent times.

What to see

Climbing Trishul is not an easy task as it is mainly accomplished by experienced climbers. For a nature lover, seeing the massif during sunrise or sunset is a pure thrill. Part of the Trishul is visible from the hill station of Ranikhet and Kausani in Uttarakhand. To get a full view of the Trishul trident, it is best to reach Chamoli or Bedni Bugyal, but that involves trekking and is again, not meant for all.

How to reach

To see the majestic Trishul Mountains you need to visit the state of Uttarakhand. You can reach Uttarakhand via flight and take a connecting flight to Dehradun (Wikipedia Article), capital of Uttarakhand. From there, you can hire a private car to reach the hill station of Nainital or Kausani.
Being a tourist hotspot, Uttarakhand is well connected via road. There are frequent bus services from Delhi to reach the location.
Uttarakhand is also well connected via railway. Most of the major landmarks of India are connected to Dehradun via rail. As you reach Dehradun, you can rent a private car or avail local bus services to reach the hill stations.

Valley of Flowers National
Valley of Flowers National Park

Other places to see

Uttarakhand is a traveller’s hotspot. Besides Nainital or Kausani, other major locations to visit in the state of Uttarakhand are Dehradun, Jim Corbett National Park, Rishikesh, Mussoorie, Joshimath, Almora, Badrinath, Valley of Flowers National Park, Bageshwar, and Pitthoragarh.

Trekking routes in Uttarakhand

Uttarakhand is a land of mountains and an abode of many Hindu deities. Few of the major trekking routes in Uttarakhand that are worthy of the tourist’s considerations are Binsar, Jwala Devi, Panch Kedar, Valley of Flowers, Kedarnath Vasukital, Nagtibba, Kuari Pass, Hemkund Sahib, Panwali Kedarnath, Chandrashila Summit, Har Ki Dun, Dodital, Roop Kund, Gangotri Tapovan Nandavan, Khatling Sahastra, Chopta Deoriatal Tungnath and Auli Kwaripass Tapovan.

Of all the trekking routes in Uttarakhand, the trek to Roopkund is one of the best spots which gives a clear glimpse of the Trishul Mountains.

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Author: SubhasishMitra. Last updated: Jan 04, 2015

Pictures of Trisul

Trishul with the typical smoking mountain look - Trisul
Trishul with the typical smoking mountain look - Trisul. Photo by gkrishna63


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