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Triglav National Park
Wikipedia | Google | Google Images | FlickrTriglav National Park, the only national park in Slovenia covering an area of more than 83,000 hectares, is one of the largest national reserves in Europe, named after its highest mountain Triglav (2,864m). The park is home to nearly all of Slovenia's 400 mountain over 2,000m. Mountain tops, wild and deep gorges, amazing flora and fauna, cultural landscape with mountain pastures, and picturesque small alpine villages with rich cultural heritage invite you to visit the park.
In addition to its primary purpose of nature protection and conservation of landscape, the Triglav National Park is a place of exploration, relaxation, and experience of nature. It is a popular weekend destination with a wide range of activity, from hiking, climbing and mountain biking to fishing, canyoning and rafting. Marked trails in the park lead to countless peaks besides Mount Triglav. Favorite climbs include Mangart (2,679 m) and Špik (2,472 m) in the north, and the sharp ridge of Razor (2,601 m) southeast of Vršič . Triglav National Park is not only about climbing mountains. There are easy hikes through beautiful valleys, forests, and meadows too. The prettiest, you'll find around Bohinj and Pokljuka. Mountain huts known as ‘koča’ offer basic accommodation and delicious meals for hikers and climbers.
From traditional festivals and authentic farming villages to jaw-dropping scenery and stunning mountain panoramas, Triglav National Park is the perfect destination for the outdoor enthusiast who wants to step off the beaten path and taste authentic alpine culture.
HistoryThe Triglav National Park is among the earliest European parks; the first protection dates back to 1924 when the Alpine Conservation Park was founded. The area was renamed Triglav National Park in 1961 and expanded 20 years later to include most of the eastern Julian Alps . Today, the park stretches from Gozd Martuljek in the north to Tolmin in the south and from the Italian border in the west almost to Bled in the east. In 2003, the park was included in the UNESCO MaB (Man and Biosphere) network.
Highlights of Triglav National Park
Vršič moutain passVršič pass is the highest road pass in Slovenia and connects Kranjska Gora with Bovec. The road runs through the heart of the Julian Alps and the views from the road simply call out for a stop-over. Slovenia's highest mountain pass also makes an excellent starting point for mountain hikes. The road is usually closed in the winter due to snow and avalanches.
Russian ChapelWhen the Vršič Pass on the Kranjska Gora side descents almost to the valley, between 9th and 8th bend, stands a small Chapel of Larchwood. The Russian chapel was built to honor the memory of those who died and to serve as a reminder of the follies of war. Russian prisoners built the neat little chapel between 1916 and 1917.
The Soča hiking trailThis famous 22 km educational trail leads along the emerald Soča river from Bovec into the heart of the Triglav National Park. Hiking time is 8 to 9 hours. There are several sights along the trail.
Triglav lakes valleyIt used to be named ‘The Valley of the Seven Lakes’. The number of the lakes is much higher, although some of the lakes are very small. The alpine valley is located between Bohinj and Trenta. Magnificent natural lakes in the middle of the Karst environment are located at an altitude between 1300 m and 2000 m.
Mt TriglavNot merely the country’s highest peak, Triglav is also Slovenia’s national symbol. A favorite hiking destination, it is said that one is only considered a true Slovenian after having scaled its slopes and glanced out at the majesty of all that surrounds. There are several paths leading to the 2,864 m high peak, so choose a trail that is suitable for you. You don't have to be a keen mountaineer to climb it, but some hiking experience is needed.
Flora & FaunaFlora and fauna of Triglav National Park is a typical alpine one, with Alpine Ibex being the king of the mountains, and the brown bear, the king of the forests. However, it is not very likely you will see it. The most typical animal species of the Triglav National Park is the chamois. You can also meet Alpine marmot, deer, mouflon, golden eagle, fox, and many more. The otter, however, is very rare and is the most threatened animal species in the park. Of the plants, the most famous are Julian poppy, edelweiss, and the purple Zois' bellflower. It should be noted that most plants are protected, gathering rare alpine flowers is forbidden.
GeologyThe park can pride itself on diverse bedrock composition and the richness of fossilized life specimens. Its surface forms are highly diverse and numerous, comprising high-mountain ridges with towering peaks, glacier U-shaped valleys, and a treasure chest of karst surface forms. The Julian Alps, the mountain range covering a large part of the national park, mainly consist of limestone, which is responsible for the formation of high-altitude karst forms such as potholes, abysses and pits and caves with watercourses functioning as underground connections of karst lake-lets.
By BusThere is a bus service from Ljubljana to Lake Bohinj, Mojstrana, Gozd-Martuljek, and Kranjska Gora. In summer months, buses run from Kranjska Gora over the Vršič pass to Bovec. Regular bus routes are also to Tolmin, Kobarid and Bovec from Nova Gorica, Idrija and Ljubljana.
By TrainFrom Ljubljana to the railway station Lesce-Bled, and from there with a local bus. From Jesenice, the train takes you to Nova Gorica and back. The railway stations of Bled-Jezero, Bohinjska Bistrica, Podbrdo, and Most na Soči are convenient starting points for the Triglav National Park.
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Author: Ayda. Last updated: Aug 24, 2014