Serra da Capivara National Park. National Park in Piauí, Brazil

Serra da Capivara National Park

National Park in Piauí, Brazil

Panorama Photo © Carlos Reis

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Serra da Capivara National Park

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 - Serra da Capivara National
	Park
Serra da Capivara National Park. . Photo by unknown
The oldest prehistoric rock paintings in the Americas (Wikipedia Article) can be found in the magnificent Serra de Capivara National Park. Located in Piauí, Brazil, the park is also recognized as a World Heritage Site.

History

In 1991, Serra de Capivara National Park was classified by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. The park, whose name translates to ‘Capybara Hills’ in Portuguese, is situated in the southeastern region of Piauí (Wikipedia Article) State. The Serra de Capivara, which covers around 97,933 hectares, holds canyons that houses approximately 500 natural caves and shelters.

What You Will See

A type of plant life known as ‘Caatinga’ is unique to the park. It is the only national park in which Caatinga thrives. The fauna and flora are very abundant and typically represents the area’s underdeveloped vegetation, where a semi-arid climate is observed.

Foot bridges were constructed to facilitate and aid in the observation of the rock paintings. These bridges are present in all 48 archaeological sites. The sites can be visited either by foot or by driving a sports utility vehicle through 14 predetermined trails. Although they might be long, difficult-to-access terrains can be crossed by following some of the trails.

The Toca do Boqueirão da Pedra Furada boasts a huge, 70-meter wide wall displaying inscriptions and writings of different prehistoric periods.

Aside from the rock paintings, remnants of instruments used by early inhabitants, such as objects created with pottery fragments and chipped stone, were found by archaeologists at the Sitio de Meio.

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Serra da Capivara National Park. . Photo by unknown

Attractions

Samples of discoveries made by the investigators who study and explore the region can be found in the Museum of the American Man. Some of the standout pieces include pieces of a fossilized skull, a sabre tooth’s mandibles, a hatched created from a 9,200-year-old polished wood, and 9,000-year-old pottery. Sao Raimundo Nonato holds more than 400 galleries with rock paintings depicting scenes of dancing, hunting, sex, crops, wars, and games.

How to Get There

The city of Petronila, located in the State of Pernambuco (Wikipedia Article), is the main point of reference to enter Serra de Capivara National Park. The city is 217 miles away from the park.

By Bus Service

From Petronila and Teresina (which is 317 miles away), visitors may take the bus headed to Sao Raimundo Nonato.

By Travel Agency

Trips to Serra de Capivara are usually made available by eco-tourism-centered travel agencies.

pedra
	furada - serra da capivara/PI, brasil - Serra da Capivara National Park
pedra furada - serra da capivara/PI, brasil - Serra da Capivara National Park. Photo by Claudia Regina

Similar Landmarks



Serra das Confusoes National Park

Also called the ‘Mountains of Confusion’ because the red and white color of the mountain ranges change depending on how bright or dark the day is, which confuses the eyes. There are many mysteries and secrets in these ranges, and is on top of the list of tourists who are looking for a different kind of adventure.

Serra do Caparao National Park

Mountaineering, trekking, and hiking aficionados, this is the place for you. You can exercise and challenge your ability through climbing the third highest mountain in Brazil, the Peak of Flag with 9,505 feet over sea level.

Serra da Canastra National Park

Translated as ‘Sierra of the Basket’, because of its resemblance to a basket or coffer, Serra de Canastra, which covers the cities of Delfinopolis, Sao Roque de Mina, and Sacramento, is located in the south western area of the state of Minas Gerais.

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Author: epicandrea. Last updated: May 18, 2015

Pictures of Serra da Capivara National Park

Serra da Capivara National Park
Serra da Capivara National Park. Photo by Flavio Veloso

Looking up - Capuchin monkey / Macaco-prego - Serra da Capivara National Park
Looking up - Capuchin monkey / Macaco-prego - Serra da Capivara National Park. Photo by Tiago Falótico

Baixão das andorinhas - Serra da Capivara National Park
Baixão das andorinhas - Serra da Capivara National Park. Photo by Carlos Reis

Pedra furada - Serra da Capivara National Park
Pedra furada - Serra da Capivara National Park. Photo by Carlos Reis

Pedra furada - Serra da Capivara National Park
Pedra furada - Serra da Capivara National Park. Photo by Carlos Reis

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