Pico da Neblina National Park. National Park in Amazonas, Brazil

Pico da Neblina National Park

National Park in Amazonas, Brazil

Serro do Montilla Pass, Pico da Neblina, Brazil Photo © Rowan Castle

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Pico da Neblina National Park

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The Pico da Neblina National Park is a Brazilian conservation unit built to strictly protect the nature located in the northern state of Amazonas, near the border with Venezuela. Thus, the Pico da Neblina National Park integrates with Serra do Divisor National Park (Wikipedia Article), Cabo Orange National Park, Tumucumaque National Park, and Mount of Roraima. Its territory is distributed by the municipality of Santa Isabel do Rio Negro and São Gabriel da Cachoeira.

The park is the highest point of the entire Brazilian territory and attracts tourists from all over the world which become enchanted with the height and beauty of the place. This is also one of the most well-protected points of all Brazil, in other words, you will find a forest around them untouched and simply wonderful.

History

Until 1960, the current region of the Pico da Neblina National Park was considered "no man's land". This is because Brazil and Venezuela still had ongoing border disputes. In 1965, General Ernesto Flag Coelho led the expedition Mixed Boundary Commission, which was the first to reach the Pico da Neblina.
Until the 90s, only military and scientists were allowed to explore the area. Currently, the tourism is very encouraging, despite the poor infrastructure. The nearest municipality of the park – São Gabriel – has a population of 24,000 inhabitants, particularly indigenous people and their crafts.

Attractions

The main attractions available in the Pico da Neblina National Park are based on its natural beauty, and they are:

Vegetation and Terrain

The park has a great plant diversity. Among its varieties are the savanna of the Rio Negro, especially the Caranã, the Tamaquaré, the Pau-Amarelo and the Casca-Doce. Currently, in the mountains of the dense forest, the focus is on the Itaúba, the Mandioqueira-Azul, the Bacabinhas-Quina, the Quaruba-Cedro and the Jutaí-P1ororoca. There are also wetlands and marshy stretches where it is easily possible to see orchids, carnivorous plants, bromeliads, and gravatás.

The topography of the region consists of hills, mountains, and waterfalls. There are some hills with the formation of granite. In general, the landscape is undulating with some depressions.

Wildlife

Among the mammals that inhabit the park, there are some endangered species such as the black Macari, the Thous Vinegar, and the Jaguar. Among the birds that are under threat are the hawk of plume and the cock of the mountain.
The park is home to one of the richest fauna in the country as the primate black uacari, the cock of the meadow; the tapir, the zoguezogues; the toucan açu, the mutumporanga; and the trumpeter gray back.

Adventure

For the more experienced adventurers, there is a trekking trail to the Pico da Neblina, amidst the dense forest and with great humidity, lasting four to five days. The trekking is done only upon authorization of the IBAMA, and guides accredited by the agency.
This is the main activity that tourists can do while visiting the park.

Alimentation

Before facing the Pico da Neblina, it is recommend to stock up in São Gabriel da Cachoeira (Wikipedia Article). From this city until the peak there is no gas station or of alimentation.
Therefore, it is essential that you bring some snacks if you wish to remain for several hours in the park.

Where to Stay

The accommodations in the region are extremely simple. In the area of the national park there is no kind of inn or refuge, it is only possible to camp or sleep in hammocks.
The tourists who decide to stay in the city of São Miguel da Cachoeira can choose from the following hotels: Hotel Cimarne, Hotel Deus me Deu; Mercantil e Hotel Roraima, Hotel de Trânsito de Oficiais; and the Hotel Roraima 3.

How to get there

The Park is in the state of Amazonas, in the municipality of São Gabriel da Cachoeira and can be accesed either by waterways - across the river Igarapé Itamirim and the rivers Cauaburi and , or by the air - through small airplanes leaving Manaus.

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Author: Laryssa Balduino. Last updated: Jan 05, 2015

Pictures of Pico da Neblina National Park

Pico da Neblina National Park
Pico da Neblina National Park. Photo by Unknow

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