Ninoy Aquino International Airport Manila. Airport in Metro Manila, Philippines

Ninoy Aquino International Airport Manila

Airport in Metro Manila, Philippines

Terminal 3 Photo © mimathology

Cover photo full

Ninoy Aquino International Airport Manila

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Knowing about the history of one of the busiest airports in Asia and the main port of the Philippines would entail a short course on the history of the Philippines. The namesake of the airport came from the senator Benigno “Ninoy” Aquino, who was assassinated at the airport’s tarmac in 1983 during the dictatorship in the Philippines.

Until now, the Philippines’ main hub is laced with controversy. During 2010, NAIA Terminal 1 was voted as the 5th worst airport in the world by The Guide to Sleeping in Airports. The long lines coupled with poor ventilation, unusable Wi-Fi, and the general lack of security (that makes sleeping in the airport something that must not be done) made it the “world’s worst airport”. Much of the frustration from the distressing state of the supposedly worst airport stems from the airport's collected tax ( ₱550 ($12) or around $ 13 USD ) and yet no visible improvement has been seen.

Terminal 3 - Ninoy
	Aquino International Airport Manila
Terminal 3 - Ninoy Aquino International Airport Manila. Photo by Thousand Wonders


Terminal 1

Terminal 1 - Ninoy
	Aquino International Airport Manila
Terminal 1 - Ninoy Aquino International Airport Manila. Photo by 黒忍者
NAIA 1 is the Philippines’ second oldest terminal. It was completed in 1981 using a National Artist of the Philippines for Architecture, Leandro Locsin’s, design.

According to the airport’s official website, the 16-gate terminal currently serves as the port for all international flights from non-Philippine airlines coming into Manila. NAIA 1’s annual capacity is reported to be 6 million yearly.

Despite just being the second oldest airport in the Philippines, NAIA 1 is infamously known as the world’s worst airport. So much so that incumbent President Benigno “Noynoy” Aquino, the son of the airport’s namesake, apologized for the failures in the air conditioning.

Terminal 2

NAIA 2 is exclusively for Philippine Airlines’ flights. The North wing is used for PAL’s international flights while the South wing caters to the domestic flights.

Built in 1999 and designed by Aéroports de Paris (Wikipedia Article), Terminal 2 was made to handle 9 million passengers annually. The construction of this terminal was to address the continuing increase in the number of passengers leaving and entering the country.

Terminal 3

With NAIA being the largest airport in Manila, NAIA 3 became the answer to the growing air traffic in the country. Terminal 3 reportedly handles 13 million passengers annually.

While there are steady complaints regarding NAIA 1’s facilities and services, a number of those who commented in The Guide to Sleeping in Airports mention that NAIA 3 is not so bad (with a fully functioning air conditioner and usable Wi-Fi) compared to the former.

Terminal 4

NAIA 4 or Manila Domestic Passenger Terminal houses local flights. It is the oldest terminal in the Philippines and arguably the smaller of the four with the pre-departure capacity only able to seat 929 passengers.

When The Beatles came to the Philippines in 1966, NAIA 4 witnessed the English band being victimized by the Marcos’ dictatorial regime. Accidentally snubbing then First Lady Imelda Marcos’ invitation to attend a reception at the presidential palace led to a disastrous flight out of the Philippines. Their way out of the hotel was laced with rude catcalls from the staff and their move through the terminal to check-in was made terrible by the lack of security to guide them. The escalators were allegedly turned off and the band and their entourage were made to manually carry their luggage. Because of the maltreatment and physical abuse they suffered, The Beatles vowed to never return or even fly across the Philippines. True to their word, they never did.

Getting to and from the Airport

For passengers with private vehicles, the official website of NAIA

Published directions on how to go there. Here are their directions:

From North Metro Manila

Take EDSA towards Pasay (Wikipedia Article) City. Past the Magallanes interchange, take the left lane of EDSA into the Tramo flyover. Head straight after clearing the flyover, and turn left at the end of the road. Continue down the road; take the first exit out of the Rotunda monument and on to the terminal entrance.

From South Metro Manila

Take the South Luzon Expressway (SLEX) or Skyway towards Manila, and take the Villamor exit ramp. Continue down the road past Terminal 3 and the Resorts World complex and onto the Rotunda monument. Continue around the Rotunda and on to the terminal entrance.

From West Manila

Motorists may turn onto MIA Road at the junction of Coastal Road and Roxas Boulevard. Turn left at the intersection with Park-N-Fly and proceed to take the first exit of the Rotunda at the end of the road. Continue down the road; take the first exit out of the Rotunda monument and on to the terminal entrance.

Via Public Transportation

Passengers taking the Metro-Rail Transit line may disembark at the EDSA-Taft station. An airport shuttle terminal is located beside the MRT station.

Those travelling by city bus routes may take a bus plying the EDSA-MIA route. These buses will pass Terminals 1 and 2, while a jeepney route can take you to Terminal 3. Additionally, you can take the airport shuttle service to travel to the different airport terminals.

For more in-depth instructions on how to commute to NAIA 1 and 2, you can visit the site Commuting in the Philippines 101 – NAIA 1 and 2 .

For NAIA 3, Commuting in the Philippines 101 – NAIA 3.

If you are from EDSA going to NAIA 4, take a MIA-611* bus and get off at “6-11”or “Kanto Domestic”. From 6-11, cross the road and take the “Baclaran Domestic” jeepney.

Travel Tax and Airport Terminal Fee

Filipino citizens are required by law (Presidential Decree 1183) to pay travel tax whenever they leave the Philippines. Business class passengers are required to pay either ₱2,700 ($59) for the Full Travel Tax, ₱1,350 ($30) for Standard Reduced Travel Tax, or ₱400 ($8.80) for Privileged Reduced Travel Tax (for passengers who are dependents of overseas Filipino workers). Economy class passengers are to pay as follows: ₱1,620 ($36) , ₱810 ($18) , or ₱300 ($6.60) .

All passengers departing from the Ninoy Aquino International Airport are required to pay an airport terminal fee of ₱550 ($12) for international travel or ₱200 ($4.40) for domestic travel.

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Author: afgn. Last updated: Oct 01, 2014


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