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National Gallery of Victoria
Wikipedia | Google | Google Images | FlickrThe National Gallery of Victoria is the oldest and one of the most important public art museums in Australia. Located in the heart of Melbourne, it houses major exhibitions and a truly great collection of art. The National Gallery of Victoria, also known simply as NGV, is made up of two separate sites. NGV International is located on St Kilda Road in the middle of renowned Melbourne Arts Precinct. The second branch, The Ian Potter Centre: NGV Australia, lies at Federation Square.
The collection housed at NGV International comprises all ancient Mediterranean cultures, including Egypt, Greece and Rome, as well as the pre-Columbian age and the indigenous cultures of the South Pacific. Additionally, the collection also consists of European and Asian decorative arts, about 16,000 prints and drawings; several European paintings, 4,000 pieces of Asian art; fashion, furniture and photography. The Ian Potter Center: NGV Australia is home to about 20,000 works of Australian art.
HistoryIn 1861 the state of Victoria had been an independent colony for only a decade. It was, however, by far the richest colony in Australia, thanks to the Victorian gold rush. Melbourne had become the largest city in Australia. It was because the city was home to so many wealthy people that there was a shift of focus towardS culture. The National Gallery of Victoria was established in 1861 and the National Gallery of Victoria Art School was founded in 1867.
Over the years many important works of art have been acquired through donations and purchases. Several wealthy citizens have donated funds with which international masterpieces were bought. Particularly the Felton Bequest, founded in 1904 by the will of Alfred Felton, is worth mentioning, for it has allowed the museum to purchase no less than 15,000 artworks. Nowadays, the vast collection of the NGV houses more than 70,000 pieces.
The building on St Kilda Road was designed by Sir Roy Grounds and opened in 1968. In 2003 it was reopened to the public again, after being renovated by Mario Bellini. The impressive Ian Potter Centre: NGV Australia was officially opened in 2002.
NGV: InternationalThe NGV: International features European paintings dating from the 13th century until the present, thousands of prints and drawings, Asian art; decorative arts, Mesoamerican art; antiquities, sculptures; South Pacific art, contemporary art; fashion and textiles and photography. Every single type of art is well-represented by incredible fine collections. The National Gallery of Victoria houses, by far, the most comprehensive collection of works of art in Australia.
Its renowned collection of paintings includes works by artists such as Cézanne, El Greco; Manet, Monet; Bernini, Rubens; Picasso, Rembrandt; Gainsborough, van Dyck; Rothko, Renoir; Memling, Poussin and many others. It is a truly impressive collection and without question, the best one in Oceania.
Ian Potter Centre: NGV AustraliaThis branch on Federation Square features Australian art, and lots of it. There are more than 20,000 works of art to be seen there. Exhibitions include Australian Colonial Art, Indigenous Art and Artifacts, Australian Impressionist Art, as well as 20th-century, modern and contemporary art from Australia.
Melbourne was the birthplace of an art style known as Australian impressionism and the NGV was closely involved. The Heidelberg School, located in a Melbourne suburb, was where it all started and many works produced there were and are displayed at the museum. The collection features all major Australian painters.
Visiting the National Gallery of VictoriaIt is entirely possible to spend a full day, or at least a whole afternoon, in the National Gallery of Victoria. Besides admiring the extensive exhibitions, visitors can also join guided tours; listen to lectures, take part in workshops; watch movies and performances and so on. Special activities for children are available as well. The NGV also houses a few places to eat. Admission is free, but special exhibitions may require an entrance fee.
The NGV: International is open every day from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m,, except on Christmas Day and Good Friday. On ANZAC Day it is open between 1 p.m. and 5 p.m. The Ian Potter Centre: NGV Australia follows the exact same opening times and days, except for the fact that it is closed on Mondays.
How to Get ThereThe easiest ways to reach both branches are by walking or by taking a tram or train. NGV International is reached on the Swanston Street/St Kilda Road trams 1, 3; 5, 6; 8, 16; 64, 67 and 72. NGV Australia is located right across Flinders Street Railway Station and can be reached on the same tramlines as NGV International and on the Flinders Street trams 70, 75 and City Circle. Car parking is available at Federation Square and at the Arts Centre Melbourne.
Similar LandmarksOther major art galleries in the world include the Metropolitan Museum of Art, The Louvre, the National Gallery of Ireland, the Rijksmuseum and Rubens House.
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Author: bramreusen. Last updated: Jan 24, 2015