Museum of the First National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party. Museum in Shanghai, China

Museum of the First National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party

Museum in Shanghai, China

shanghai2012_020 Photo © mikeric

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Museum of the First National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party

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It may have been a long time since the 13 delegates met to hold the First National Congress of the Communist Party of China, but it was such an important event that the location is now a museum. The museum is located in the Xintiandi (Wikipedia
	Article) development where many of the original relics from 1921 are on display.

Much of the information is gained through pictures and plaques mounted on the walls, and while this can be a little difficult to understand for many tourists, as Chinese names are sometimes difficult to pronounce, it is the ideal way to learn about China's history at the beginning of the last century.


The Communist Party Museum is set in the French Concession and one can easily miss this sight when passing by. One may experience a strange feeling when visiting this attraction as there seems to be a strong contrast between the followers who are in awe of the birthplace of their party while there are others who are simply enjoying the traps of consumerism in the form of cafés and shops nearby.

One of the most stunning displays is a replica of the meeting. For many who know Mao Ze Dong as an elderly man who would not accept opposition, it will be strange to see him depicted as a man in his 20s, fighting for revolutionary changes.

Living Room

On the first floor is the living room, which has been left as it was 84 years ago. The room is not the biggest at just 18 sq m, but you can spend some time looking through copies of the documents and it becomes easier to understand the reasons as to why the Chines wanted change.

Exhibition Hall

There are further documents upstairs and again, to read them all will take a lot of time as there are over 100 photographs and documents to be viewed. It is here that the waxworks are housed and the table is displayed just as it was when the delegates had departed.

The house is classed as a Shikumen (Wikipedia Article), which describes why there are carvings along the stone gate, all of which possess the same characteristics as many others in Shanghai, that were built around the same time.

The Front Lobby

On entering, it will be concerning that there is nothing to see other than the Chinese flag, but while the lobby is almost empty, it is the only room that is open for visits. It has a floral copy of the building made of yellow and red flowers.

This is the only room where it is possible to take photographs and there are numerous signs to remind visitors of this.

Exhibition of the Historical Relics Showing the Founding of the Communist Party of China

There is an outstanding, marble staircase that leads to the exhibition and alongside the documents, there are items of furniture such as the wooden chair with leather padding as well as the pajamas that were worn by Yang Fenting

A lot of the documents are meant as items of propaganda, but with so much translated into English, it is easy to understand what was happening at the time.

A lot of the house is closed to the public but what is available to see is well worth a visit. It will take about an hour to have a look around, although it will be longer if you want to examine every document and picture in detail.


On the way out, there is another room that provides information regarding what happened to the Communist Party later on. As the following 14 National Congresses take place, it becomes clear the Mao emerged as the leader.

There is a gift shop but unless you have a strong interest in Communism, it is not a place where you will find much to buy.

From time to time, there are temporary exhibitions but tend to be in Chinese so it makes it hard to get the gist of what it is about.

Admission Fee

Admission is free, however, one will still need to get a ticket. Expect to be searched and there are rumors that some people have been asked to take a small sip of any liquids they have for security reasons.

Opening Hours

9:00 AM -17:00 PM - last ticket is 16.00 PM. There tends to be a lot of large parties that visit, so at times you will have to stand back and wait in line to see an exhibit.

Getting There

Bus: Take the 146 to Xingye Road Station, then left at Xintiandi Post Office, or ride the City Sightseeing Bus Route
Subway: Line 1 to South Huangpi Road. Station. Take Exit 2 and head down South Huangpi Road up to Xingye Roa.

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Author: mekwriters. Last updated: Sep 09, 2014

Pictures of Museum of the First National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party

China 2012 01 (151) - Museum of the First National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party
China 2012 01 (151) - Museum of the First National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party. Photo by Tom R. Ratcliffe


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