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Ilha do Campeche
Wikipedia | Google | Google Images | FlickrCampeche Island, or “Ilha do Campeche” for the natives, is located in Brazil and is recognized as a National Archaeological Heritage and Landscape. It is located in the state of Santa Catarina, near Florianopolis and offers clean and transparent waters that enchant all the visitors.
The island hides one of the most beautiful landscapes of Florianópolis, with a calm and transparent sea, a white sandy beach, and an almost untouched vegetation. Beyond the sea baths, the tourists can also enjoy different tours, adventure trails, dives, and several other activities.
Archaeological evidenceDue to the 150 petroglyphs distributed in 10 archaeological places and monuments of nine stations of rocks in the Campeche Island is, the island is, therefore, considered one of the richest archaeological places in the city of Florianópolis.
The researchers consider that among the traces left by ancestors are geometric symbols, arrows, zoomorphic masks, and also various other traces of our ancestors.
Native vegetationThe rain forest that lies on the island was explored formerly by the natives, where the main focus was the “pau do Campeche”, a wood species like “pau Brazil” which is typically used to dye the tissues.
With the passage of time, the extraction of pau do Campeche was giving place to the cultivation of cassava that served as the main food to the islanders.
After the island was considered to be a National Patrimony in 2010, the logging and the cultivation of cassava gave way, again, to the original forest which now occupies the area of about 52 hectares.
WildlifeWith the arrival of the Fishermen Association in Campeche Island, some species of exotic animals were inserted to do away with the scorpions and to serve as a hunting ground to the fishermen.
The following animals who were introduced to the area include several species of monkeys, coatis, chickens, and ducks. However, the hunt did not follow the evolution of the species and there was a great ecological imbalance. Later, the association for the preservation of the island resulted in the elimination of the ducks and of the monkeys.
TrailsThe boats arriving on the island are moored on the beach of the Enseada which are 500 meters long and is the only place where the visitors can stay for free. If the tourists want to experience the coasts, the archaeological places, and the rock monuments, they should opt for one of the guided tracks that are offered on the island.
The tours without the company of a guide are expressly prohibited, as well as camping, lighting fires, and taking pets.
There is a price to be paid by those who want to make their way along these tracks. This value varies depending on the duration of the tour (between $ 5.00 USD and $ 10 USD ). This value is used to maintain the place and pay the team of tour guides.
So, in order to preserve the current state of the island, only 400 people are permitted to visit the area per day.
Some of the tracks offered in place are:
- The Cave of Bats
- The Sign
- The Stone Watcher
- The Stone Magnet
- The Stone Stuck
- The North Back
How to get thereThere are two different starting points for boats in order to get to Campeche Island. One coming from the beach of Armação, being held by the local fishermen and lasting, approximately, 30 minutes. And another one from the beach of Campeche, lasting about 20 minutes and is carried out within inflatable boats.
The values range from $ 20 USD – $ 50 USD depending on the boat owner.
Where to stayThere is no accommodation available on the island, so the tourists can stay only during the day. However, there is a wide range of hotels and guesthouses in close proximity to the Campeche beach which is only about 1,500 meters off the island.
GastronomyThe gastronomy of Campeche is a typical Azorean cuisine where seafood dishes are most popular among the tourists. There are several options of homemade food in the Campeche buffet offered at lunch. Among them stands the Ribeirão da Ilha, where the tourists can enjoy oysters made in various different ways and in Lagoa da Conceição, the main attraction is the casters of shrimp, which is a delight to all the visitors.
The Stone of the Lookout refers to the time when the whale hunting was common and was essential for survival. The watchman waited in the stone and would warn his companions when he sighted the whales.
The tours on the stone also have a path which leads to the ruins of furnaces which was essential to extracting oil from the whales.
The trail on the “Stone of the Lookout” is easy to follow and takes, approximately, 40 minutes when walking.
On top of this stone, after, about, 10 minutes of climbing, the tourists can see east and west coast, the beach of Campeche, the islands of Moleques and the Isle of Xavier.
The stone is, roughly, 2.7 meter tall and is located close to the sea, next to a pit, about, 60 cm in diameter, which was carved into granite stone.
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Author: Laryssa Balduino. Last updated: Feb 02, 2015