Eiffel Tower. Tower in Paris, France

Eiffel Tower

Tower in Paris, France

Eiffel Tower Photo © 1982Chris911

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Eiffel Tower

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Eiffel Tower at night. Photo by unknown
The Eiffel Tower - which doesn't need much introduction - is a synecdoche symbol of city of Paris and France. It was built back in 1889 for World’s Fair by Gustave Eiffel (Wikipedia Article) in order to celebrate the centennial of French Revolution. In French, it is also known as La Tour Eiffel and La Dame De Fer which means Iron Lady. It is the tallest man-made structure to exist in Paris. The Eiffel Tower is 1,063 feet in height. Including its wrought iron frame work and other non-metal constituents, it weighs 10,000 tones. It is painted in a bronze color. Engraved on the Eiffel tower are names of 72 French scientists, engineers and mathematicians. As it is made up of iron, the temperature can alter its height by almost 6 inches. This tower is scientifically important too. Antenna for radio telegraphy is mounted on its top. Many experiments for temperature and pressure were performed here.

Paris is considered as one of the most romantic cities in the world. This stands true because of the number of beautiful and romantic places in located here but nothing can be compared to the Eiffel Tower, which is considered as one romantic spot of its kind. The Eiffel tower with its iron lattice work, colored in bronze, standing up high, showered with romantic lights in the dark night, is a masterpiece in itself. Parisian romance, men in striped shirts, women all dressed up and a sustained flow of wine and love is a perfect fantasy which lovers associate with the Eiffel Tower. Romantic souls from all over the world are attracted towards this monument. Tourists love climbing up to the top of tower and dining there. The total number of tourists has been estimated to be about 250 million.

la tour eiffel II - Eiffel
	Tower
la tour eiffel II - Eiffel Tower. Photo by hjjanisch

History

The idea of the Eiffel tower was proposed by Gustave when it was decided to make up a monument to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the French Revolution. It was originally designed by Maurice Koechlin (Wikipedia Article) and Emile Nouguier (Wikipedia
	Article). In the beginning, it was opposed by Paris’ artistic elites who had the opinion that this gigantic Tower will dominate other monuments of Paris. Despite all the opposition, the idea of the Eiffel Tower made its way become the most famous landmark of France. It was planned to tear the tower down after 20 years but as it was found to be most appropriate place to insert the antenna, it was allowed to live. And now it stands high as an icon of global culture, attracting towards Paris flocks of tourists from all over the world.

Infrastructure

The construction of the Eiffel Tower began in 1887 and by the end of March 1889, it was standing erect on its firm foundations. It has four legs that have concrete slabs as base plates. These concrete slabs are holding on to limestone blocks which bear as supporting shoes for the giant iron framework of the tower. The total count of its floors is three. Three lifts in North, East and West pillars, take you to second floor which is 115 m high. To get to the top floor - 256 m - you need to switch the lift on the second floor. The average journey between the two floors, using lifts, is about 1 minute. Lifts to the second floor would cost €7 - €9 and to the top would cost €13 - €15, depending upon the age group. If you’re someone who would not like to wait in long queues for hours, then you can climb up the stairs. Walking up the stairs would cost €4 - €5. It takes a climb of almost 328 steps to get to the first floor. There are snack bars there so one can buy a refreshing drink and catch a breath before the next climb. Pushing yourself up another 341 steps would take you to second floor. Lifts are then taken to the third and upper most level. Lifts are also economical.

If you are looking for a good dine-in then Le 50 Tour Paris on the first floor and Le Jules Vernes on the second floor are worth a try. The Eiffel tower also has the Seine River Cruise and Michelin Restaurant. The third floor is taken up by laboratories for scientific research purposes. They are now open to the public.

How to get to Eiffel Tower

In order to get to the great Tower, one can take the metro bus. The closest metro station is Bir-Hakeim, you can take line no. 6 which travels on the surface of the city in order to offer you an exciting view of the tower. Line no. 9 is also available at Trocadéro Station. RER is another option, the closest RER station is Pont De I’Alma. Bikes can also be hired from any Velib station 24/7. One can drive their car to the Eiffel Tower and can be parked in any of the nearby underground car parks. Another exciting option is travelling by means of water. You can row a boat to the Tower.

Location

The Tower itself is located at the intersection of the Quai Branly and Pont d’lena. Below the Tower, flows the Seine River, glorifying the Tower’s beauty. The perfect aerial views, surrounding aged trees and hills further boost its beauty. To attract people, an ice-skating rink has been made on the first floor of the Tower. So, one can enjoy ice-skating 188 feet above ground level. You can also grasp a scenic view of different buildings on each floor of the Tower. Arc De Triomphe, Notre Dame Cathedral, the Montparnasse Tower, Champs Elysees, Opera House, the Pere Lachaise Cemetery, Bibliotheque Nationale De France are all there to make you view a whole lot better.

Symbol of Art

The Eiffel tower is a giant in terms of art and culture. The Eiffel Tower has encouraged the production of many replicas around the world including Las Vegas Eiffel Tower, the Eiffel Tower in Ohio, Orlando,Virginia and Russia, Watkin’s Tower in the United Kingdom and Blackpool Tower in the United Kingdom.
The Eiffel Tower has stood tall and proud for almost 125 years and continues to stand even today. It will continue to be a distinctive icon of love and impeccable beauty in coming years too.
So, you can’t go to Paris and not go to Eiffel Tower!

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Author: Wajeeh93. Last updated: May 29, 2015

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