Casa Batlló. Public Building in Barcelona, Spain

Casa Batlló

Public Building in Barcelona, Spain

Barcelona, Casa Battlo Photo © Luc Mercelis

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Casa Batlló

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Casa Batlló is one of several architectural masterpieces designed by Spanish architect Antoni Gaudí (Wikipedia
	Article) in Barcelona, Spain. His distinctive modern style, known as Catalan Modernism (Wikipedia Article), was influenced by nature and religion, and can be seen at several other sites in Barcelona, including Casa Milà, Park Güell, and the Sagrada Família, his most famous work, which is still under construction.

History

Casa Batlló is a building on Barcelona’s famous Passeig de Gràcia, a large avenue that is one of the city’s most important shopping and business areas. Originally, it was a classical building constructed between 1875 and 1877 by a teacher of Gaudí named Emilio Salas Cortés. In 1900, it was bought by local textile businessman Josep Batlló, who it is now named after, due to its prestigious location. He hired Catalan architect Antoni Gaudí in hopes that he would transform the house into a creative masterpiece that would stand out, which is exactly what Gaudí did. Due to the unique skeletal appearance of the building, it is known locally as the Casa dels ossos, a Catalan phrase which means the “House of Bones”.

Things to See

Visitors to Casa Batlló are welcome to explore this architectural masterpiece by touring the building while using a detailed audio guide which takes approximately one hour. Highlights of the building include:

The Façade

Before entering the building, you’ll want to take some time to examine the exterior façade, which is covered in a colorful mosaic of glass and ceramic. The columns within its uniquely shaped windows resemble bones, while the balconies are thought to be masks, or perhaps bats.

The Noble Floor

The Noble Floor was the residence of the Batlló family. Its expertly crafted rooms include Josep Batlló’s study, and a unique room known as a festejador, which served as an area where courting couples could meet by a mushroom-shaped fireplace under the supervision of chaperones. The wavy ceilings and curved walls throughout this living space are reminiscent of the sea, and are sometimes likened to an underwater cave.

The Loft

Originally used as laundry rooms and storage rooms by various tenants of the building, the loft is considered to be one of the most interesting parts of the visit. The bright, white space contains a dazzling array of 60 catenary arches, which are thought to depict an animal’s ribcage.

The Roof Terrace

In addition to providing spectacular views of the city of Barcelona, the roof terrace also features some of Gaudí’s most creative architectural work due to its unique shapes and textures. Its most famous feature is the arch of the roof, often referred to as “the dragon’s back”, a reference to the myth of the dragon that was killed by Saint George (Wikipedia
	Article), the patron saint of Catalonia, where he is known as Sant Jordi. The roof also showcases four gorgeous stylized chimneys that are unlike any others in Barcelona, and a bulbous tower topped with a cross which is decorated with the monograms of Jesus, Mary, and Joseph, a reference to Gaudí’s religious beliefs.

The Interior Courtyard

In the center of the building, there is a beautiful courtyard decorated with dozens of blue tiles that get darker as the eye moves upward in order to take advantage of the natural light and create a unique sensation of being underwater.

The Staircase

One of the most striking architectural aspects of the building is the staircase that accesses the Noble Floor. It resembles the spinal column of an animal, and is thought by some to be the tail of the dragon that is seen in the roof terrace.

Practical Information

Here’s everything you need to know for your visit to Casa Batlló:

Address: Passeig de Gràcia, 43, 08007 Barcelona, Spain

By metro / train: The easiest way to reach Casa Batlló is by metro or train. It is a short walk from the Passeig de Gràcia metro stop (accessible from L2, L3, and L4), as well as the Passeig de Gràcia (RENFE), and Provença (FGC) train stations.

By bus: It is also possible to get to Casa Batlló using several urban bus routes, including buses H10, V15, 7, 22, and 24. It is also a featured stop of various city tour companies, including the North & South Barcelona Tourist Bus and Barcelona City Tours.

Hours: Casa Batlló is open daily from 9:00 until 21:00.

Prices: Admission costs approximately €22 ($25) for adults, €19 ($22) for students and seniors, and is free for children under the age of 7. If you plan to visit several popular Barcelona attractions, you can save money on admission prices by purchasing a Barcelona Pass or other discounted city tour card.

Similar Attractions

Antoni Gaudí designed many other buildings throughout Barcelona, including Casa Milà, which is also located on Passeig de Gràcia, Casa Vicens, and Casa Calvet. He also designed Park Güell, a large public park featuring beautiful architecture and gardens, and the Sagrada Família, his most famous work, an immense church that has been in construction since 1882.

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Author: ehuttner. Last updated: Apr 01, 2015

Pictures of Casa Batlló

Balconnes y Ventanas Casa Batlló - Casa Batlló
Balconnes y Ventanas Casa Batlló - Photo by Antonio Gil

Casa Batlló - Casa Batlló
Casa Batlló - Photo by Arkaitz

Ventanal Casa Batllo - Casa Batlló
Ventanal Casa Batllo - Casa Batlló. Photo by Antonio Gil

Untitled - Casa Batlló
Untitled - Casa Batlló. Photo by Riccardo Meneghini

Antoni Gaudí, Casa Batlló, Living Room - Casa Batlló
Antoni Gaudí, Casa Batlló, Living Room - Photo by Steven Zucker

Natural shapes (IV) - Casa Batlló
Natural shapes (IV) - Casa Batlló. Photo by Paco CT

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