Batu Caves. Temple in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Batu Caves

Temple in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Batu Caves Photo © jake ejercito

Cover photo full

Batu Caves

Wikipedia | Google | Google Images | Flickr

Monkey in Batu Caves - Batu Caves
Monkey in Batu Caves - Batu Caves. Photo by Stan Aron
On the northern outskirts of Kuala Lumpur's metropolitan area, roughly 12 kilometers from the city center, stands the intricate labyrinth of Batu Caves. Not only an impressive network of mountain caves and waterfalls, this 400 million years old limestone formation also serves as one of the most important Hindu temples in Malaysia. The name comes from the Sungai Batu river, upon which the hill is situated. The name of the village in the vicinity is also called Batu Caves.


After serving as a home for the local Temuan (Wikipedia Article) tribe, the area has been settled by the Chinese in the midst of the 19th century. This is where the farmers were obtaining guano from, for agricultural purposes. Around 1890, Thamboosamy Pillai, an Indian trader, deemed it a place of worship and dedicated it to Murugan, the God of war. This is also the time when the Thaipusam Festival was born. The 43 meters tall statue outside the temple, the most known symbol which the Batu Caves are associated with, depicts the God, Murugan. In 1920, 272 wooden steps were built, but since then they have gradually been replaced with concrete.

Situated at about 100 meters altitude, the network comprises of three large caves and several smaller ones. The biggest cave, the one the steps lead to, is known as the Temple Cave, and it has a vaulted, holed ceiling. Aside from the shrine inside the cave, visitors can admire the lush habitat inside the caves, with vegetation growing on the walls and rocks and numerous monkey families that reside within. Sometimes the monkeys are friendly and venture into the shrine, but upon approaching their territory on the cave walls, they may become aggressive. On the steps outside, they can be interacted with best, and even fed, and at the bottom of the cave there is even a special shop that sells peanuts, bananas, and other treats for the monkeys. However, if you have small children with you, it is best to be careful around them.

Batu Caves Temple | Kuala Lumpur | Malaysia - Batu
Batu Caves Temple | Kuala Lumpur | Malaysia. Photo by Hadi Zaher

The other two caves are the Art Gallery Caveand the Museum Cave. The first one is transformed into a natural painting museum, with depictions of the Hindu mythology. The Museum Cave houses a zoo and aquarium, with various animals native to Asia and also peacocks and pythons which you can let crawl on you and take pictures with.

Ramayana Cave

Ramayana Cave - Batu Caves
Ramayana Cave - Batu Caves. Photo by Thousand Wonders
The Ramayana Cave is at the very far left end as you face the caves, or it may be the first one you come by if you come from the train station. It is easily recognizable by the 15 meters tall statue depicting Hanuman (Wikipedia Article), Lord Rama's acolyte monkey. The temple was consecrated in 2001, and the cave shows the story of Rama in paintings along the cave walls, similar to the Art Gallery Cave.

When to Visit

The site is open every day from 6 AM to 9 PM, and there is no entrance fee. In January, the Thaipusam (Wikipedia Article) festival takes place here, and around one million pilgrims from Asia and Australia come to the Batu Caves in this period, to offer kavadis (Wikipedia Article) - some kind of jugs filled with milk - to the God, Murugan. The kavadis may be simple carriers made out of wood, clay pots, or even huge bowls which are two meters in height, and some may even weigh as much as 100 kilos. They are built of skin and metal skewers and are decorated with bird feathers, flowers, and jewels specific to Indian culture.

Lord Murugan Statue - Batu
Lord Murugan Statue - Batu Caves. Photo by William

How to get there

The best way to reach the Batu Caves is probably to take the Komuter train from Kuala Lumpur Sentral. The ride takes around 30 minutes. Be careful not to enter the women's coach - in Malaysia every train has a coach where only women can travel, to avoid sexual harassment. You can also get there by bus from Bangkok Bank Terminus or U6 from Titiwangsa.

Nature, Flora and Fauna

Batu Caves has also been a site for rock climbing for the past 10 years. With more than 160 climbing routes, scattered all among the limestone rocks, they are quite easy to access, and most start from the ground level in the Northern and North Eastern sides of the site. in an area known as Damai. This is where spelunking treks can be organised, and there are quite a few companies that provide these services.

A bit below the Temple Cave is the so called Dark Cave, which contains a unique habitat of wildlife and rock formations that can be found only here. The network stretches along two kilometers of virgin caverns, with stalactites and stalagmites thousands of years old. However, access to the Dark Cave is very selective, as visitors depend on the Malaysian Nature Society to organize treks inside. This is to preserve the cave's habitat and sensitive ecosystem.

Do you see any omissions, errors or want to add information to this page? Sign up.

Author: aelumag. Last updated: May 12, 2015

Pictures of Batu Caves

Batu Caves
Batu Caves. Photo by Thousand Wonders

Batu Caves
Batu Caves. Photo by Thousand Wonders

Batu Caves at dusk - Batu Caves
Batu Caves at dusk - Photo by nadi0

黑風洞-Batu Caves-20140403-0823-Kuala Lumpur(Malasia)-LR - Batu Caves
黑風洞-Batu Caves-20140403-0823-Kuala Lumpur(Malasia)-LR - Photo by HYLA 2009

Temple des Batu Caves - Batu Caves
Temple des Batu Caves - Photo by DuRhumDesFemmes

Entrance to the Batu Caves - a Hindu shrine - near Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia - Batu Caves
Entrance to the Batu Caves - a Hindu shrine - near Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia - Photo by Andrea Schieber

Batu_Caves_38 - Batu Caves
Batu_Caves_38 - Batu Caves. Photo by Travis

Batu Caves - Batu Caves
Batu Caves - Photo by leotsak


Batu Caves: Report errors or wrong information

Regular contributors may earn money from their contributions. If your contribution is significant, you may also register for an account to make the changes yourself to this page.
Your report will be reviewed and if correct implemented. Your emailaddress will not be used except for communication about this report if necessary. Thank you for your contribution.
This site uses cookies.