Abrolhos Archipelago. National Park in Bahia, Brazil

Abrolhos Archipelago

National Park in Bahia, Brazil

Humpback whale Photo © Pousada Guaratiba Prado Bahia

Abrolhos Archipelago

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Réplica de Jubarte Pq Nacional Marinho de Abrolhos Caravelas - Foto João Ramos - Bahiatursa - Abrolhos
Réplica de Jubarte Pq Nacional Marinho de Abrolhos Caravelas - Foto João Ramos - Bahiatursa - Abrolhos Archipelago. Photo by Turismo Bahia
The Abrolhos Archipelago is located in the Atlantic Ocean in the south of Bahia state's coast - in Brazil. It is made up of five islands, and is thirty-six nautical miles (approximately seventy-two kilometers) from the coast of Caravelas.

The Abrolhos Archipelago began to form between 42 and 52 million years ago, when the underwater volcanic eruptions poured into the sea. Under this bedrock were developed corals, coralline algae, and other organisms that today make up the archipelago.

Besides the many attractions that the archipelago offers which attracts more tourists is the marine diversity that can be found throughout the islands, as well as the diversity of animals and plants in the place. If you have the opportunity be sure to visit the Abrolhos Archipelago, you will be simply delighted when you do a dive and faced with so many species on the seabed or even when you are on the beach and see a whale showing off the coast.

Attractions for the tourists

Among the various attractions available in the archipelago are:

Siriba Island

This is the only island of the Abrolhos Marine National Park which is open to the visitors.
When the tourists arrive on the island, they can travel along a trail of 5,249 feet surrounding the island. Hundreds of small shells and corals accumulate on the southwestern tip of the island, forming some kind of beach. The other end is formed by natural pools that are home to colorful fish and snails - a beautiful landscape for the visitors of the island.

Guarita Island

This is the smallest island of the park and it is full of rounded stones that appears to be painted white. In fact, this color is derived from the excreta of numerous birds that lives there, as the Benedict, which have elected the island as a landing pad and for procreation.

Redonda Island

This is one of the highest islands of the archipelago, and is only behind the island of Santa Barbara (Wikipedia Article). It has steep slopes where Frigates usually make their nests and, during the summer, the island is visited by the Loggerhead Turtles that use the beach to spawn.

Sueste Island

This is the most distant island of the archipelago and is about 4,265 feet from Siriba Island. This is also the most preserved island, precisely because of the complex access to the island. The absence of humans on the island allow seabirds to create their nests at almost every corner and the result is amazing.

Cove of Santa Barbara Island

Santa Barbara
	Island - Abrolhos Archipelago
Santa Barbara Island - Abrolhos Archipelago. Photo by Turismo Bahia
The Cove of Santa Barbara Island is one of the main dive spots of the park, from here it is possible to observe the Comb Groupers and the Parrotfish that, who are accustomed to human presence, approach the divers.

Rosalinda Wreck

The stern of the wreck is about 66 feet deep, but the bow touches the surface at low tide, offering good opportunities for scuba diving.
For the more adventurous tourists, it is possible to peek through the hatches and climb the stairs on the boat deck. However, care should be taken with the chains, which are usually very strong on the site.

Prairie Siriba – Redonda

Located between the Siriba and Redonda islands is a shallow area of sandy bottom, where one can find coral bollards in profusion. There are also wandering shoals of fish-surgeons and the huge and baggy Comb Groupers-square. Looking carefully, it is also possible see the Butter and Shakes-shakes Rays buried in the sand.

Reef of Timbebas

Included in the park area, but far from the archipelago, the reef is visible at low tide and is a great spot for snorkeling. Fish of all colors and shapes can be seen on the site, where large coral-of-fire can be found.

Trail of Siriba Island

The only trail that exists in the park surrounds the Siriba Island, allowing you to see its rock formations. The most interesting aspect, however, is the ability to get close to the nests of Brown Boobies.
In all, the walk is about 5,249 feet long.
Depending on the tide, you can not travel around the entire island, due to waves crashing on the rocks, making this a dangerous trip. This tour has to be accompanied by a guide, who will show the tourists the local flora, wildlife, and geology. Walking through the interior of the island is prohibited, due to the presence of marine birds and their nests on the island.

Where to Stay

The Abrolhos Archipelago does not have infrastructure for accommodation of visitors. Therefore, tourists should be housed in nearby cities, located in the state of Bahia, as the city of Nova Viçosa, Alcobaça, Caravelas and Mucuri that have great hotels and inns to accommodate the visitors.

How to Get There

The historic town of Caravelas is the gateway to the Abrolhos Archipelago. From its pier, surrounded by houses in art nouveau style and decorated with Portuguese tiles, boats depart to the archipelago, and the pier is considered to be one of the best spots in the world for diving.
To reach the city of Caravelas, the tourists can choose between the following options:

By Car from the South

To travel to the city of Caravelas by BR 101, go to the city of Teixeira de Freitas, in the clover, take the BA-290. Then follow the road directions to Alcobaça.
In the next clover turn right by taking BA-001 until you reach the city of Caravelas.

By Car from the North

Coming from Salvador, Itacaré or Itabuna, take the BR-101 to Eunápolis – Bahia. To get to the city of Caravelas take the BR 101 to the town of Itamarajú then follow the road directions to Prado. Continue along the BA-489 until Alcobaça.
In the next clover, go straight through the BA-001 to the city of Caravelas.

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Author: Laryssa Balduino. Last updated: Jul 10, 2015

Pictures of Abrolhos Archipelago

Whale - Abrolhos Archipelago
Whale - Abrolhos Archipelago. Photo by Turismo Bahia

Farol Abrolhos - Foto João Ramos - Bahiatursa - Abrolhos Archipelago
Farol Abrolhos - Foto João Ramos - Bahiatursa - Abrolhos Archipelago. Photo by Turismo Bahia

Untitled - Abrolhos Archipelago
Untitled - Abrolhos Archipelago. Photo by Fernando Martins


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