Serra da Capivara National Park
Wikipedia | Google | Google Images | FlickrThe oldest prehistoric rock paintings in the Americas can be found in the magnificent Serra de Capivara National Park. Located in Piauí, Brazil, the park is also recognized as a World Heritage Site.
HistoryIn 1991, Serra de Capivara National Park was classified by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. The park, whose name translates to ‘Capybara Hills’ in Portuguese, is situated in the southeastern region of Piauí State. The Serra de Capivara, which covers around 97,933 hectares, holds canyons that houses approximately 500 natural caves and shelters.
What You Will SeeA type of plant life known as ‘Caatinga’ is unique to the park. It is the only national park in which Caatinga thrives. The fauna and flora are very abundant and typically represents the area’s underdeveloped vegetation, where a semi-arid climate is observed.
Foot bridges were constructed to facilitate and aid in the observation of the rock paintings. These bridges are present in all 48 archaeological sites. The sites can be visited either by foot or by driving a sports utility vehicle through 14 predetermined trails. Although they might be long, difficult-to-access terrains can be crossed by following some of the trails.
The Toca do Boqueirão da Pedra Furada boasts a huge, 70-meter wide wall displaying inscriptions and writings of different prehistoric periods.
Aside from the rock paintings, remnants of instruments used by early inhabitants, such as objects created with pottery fragments and chipped stone, were found by archaeologists at the Sitio de Meio.
AttractionsSamples of discoveries made by the investigators who study and explore the region can be found in the Museum of the American Man. Some of the standout pieces include pieces of a fossilized skull, a sabre tooth’s mandibles, a hatched created from a 9,200-year-old polished wood, and 9,000-year-old pottery. Sao Raimundo Nonato holds more than 400 galleries with rock paintings depicting scenes of dancing, hunting, sex, crops, wars, and games.
How to Get ThereThe city of Petronila, located in the State of Pernambuco , is the main point of reference to enter Serra de Capivara National Park. The city is 217 miles away from the park.
By Bus ServiceFrom Petronila and Teresina (which is 317 miles away), visitors may take the bus headed to Sao Raimundo Nonato.
By Travel AgencyTrips to Serra de Capivara are usually made available by eco-tourism-centered travel agencies.
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Author: epicandrea. Last updated: May 18, 2015